If you operate a delivery service, you may or may not have considered forming a limited liability company (LLC) for your business. The LLC is a popular option for all sorts of businesses looking for asset protection, and it has a handful of other major advantages as well.
Of course, forming an LLC isn’t the only option for your delivery business, so our mission is to help you decide if it’s the best choice for you. There are many different factors to consider when you’re forming a business entity for your delivery service, so let’s dive into the details of the LLC to figure out if you should form one.
Need Help Starting Your LLC?If you want to make sure your LLC is formed correctly, hire an LLC service. Below are the top two that will take care of all the legal paperwork:
ZenBusiness – $39: If getting the most value out of an LLC service is your priority, choose ZenBusiness. They charge one of the lowest rates online and include all the most important features when starting a business. IncFile – $0: If you're on a strict budget and prefer using the cheapest LLC service, choose IncFile. They will form an LLC for free (plus state filing fee) and give you great features along the way.
ZenBusiness – $39: If getting the most value out of an LLC service is your priority, choose ZenBusiness. They charge one of the lowest rates online and include all the most important features when starting a business.
IncFile – $0: If you're on a strict budget and prefer using the cheapest LLC service, choose IncFile. They will form an LLC for free (plus state filing fee) and give you great features along the way.
What Is an LLC?
First off, let’s quickly outline what an LLC is. LLCs are formal legal entities that are typically taxed similarly to sole proprietorships and general partnerships, in that the owners include any company profits or losses into their personal returns — the LLC itself does not owe income taxes. An LLC may also elect to be taxed like a corporation, although this is not a very common option.
There are similarities to corporations too, especially when it comes to financial responsibilities. In an LLC, the owners or members are not usually personally accountable for the financial status of the business. This means that if someone sues your LLC, your personal assets are not at risk.
Why Starting an LLC for a Delivery Service Is Important
The top reason to form an LLC for a delivery business is to gain access to the personal asset protection provided by this business structure. Whether you work as a part-time “gig economy” driver dropping off a few DoorDash packages or if you operate a full-fledged delivery business, you need the limited liability protections that an LLC can provide.
For example, let’s say you become distracted and drive off the road, damaging the packages in your truck. In this circumstance, if you operate your delivery business as a sole proprietorship, your personal assets — like your house, car, personal bank accounts, etc. — would be at risk if you are sued.
On the other hand, if you form an LLC for your delivery service before you ever pick up your first package, and you operate and maintain that LLC in a compliant fashion, the scope of the lawsuit will be limited to your business assets. In other words, your personal assets will be protected by the business structure you’ve chosen.
However, this is just the tip of the iceberg when it comes to the advantages of the LLC for delivery services. Another important aspect is taxation. The LLC actually provides its owners with a selection of options regarding how they want the business to be taxed, which can save you a considerable amount of money compared to simply operating as an informal business entity.
Your delivery LLC can be taxed as a sole proprietorship (for single-member LLCs) or general partnership (for multi-member LLCs), which is the default option. With this tax structure, your delivery business itself does not pay taxes, but rather the profits are passed through the business entity and you pay taxes on that money when you file your own personal taxes.
You can also choose for your delivery service to be taxed as a C corporation, although this option isn’t very popular because it subjects your business to what’s known as double taxation — meaning that your profits are taxed first on the corporate level and again on the personal level when they’re distributed to you as an owner.
The other option is S corporation taxation. There are quite a few limitations to electing S corp taxation, but most U.S.-based delivery businesses have no trouble meeting these requirements — your business cannot have more than 100 owners, they all must be either residents or citizens of the United States, etc.
S corp taxation can help your delivery business save money by reducing your self-employment tax burden. Instead of paying self-employment taxes (a 15.3% tax that includes the employer and employee portions of Medicare and Social Security) on all of your business income, you can pay yourself a reasonable salary for your role and only pay self-employment tax on that portion of your income, while you can reinvest the rest of it into your business without paying this tax.
Compared to operating a sole proprietorship or general partnership delivery business, the S corp taxation model can save you quite a bit of cash that you can use to buy new packing containers or make improvements to your delivery truck, rather than writing a big check to Uncle Sam.
Finally, an LLC structure can enhance the credibility of your delivery business venture. Informal business entities don’t have exclusive assumed business names and typically operate under the personal name(s) of their owner(s). For instance, if your name is Johnny Smith and you operate a delivery service, your company’s name is also “Johnny Smith,” which obviously isn’t a great name for a delivery business.
In this scenario, you could register a DBA (doing business as) name to give your business the ability to operate under an assumed business name, but DBAs have no exclusivity regarding their naming rights. This means that if another delivery service wants to use your DBA name as their own, they’re not only allowed to do so, but they can actually register a formal business entity with that name, preventing you from continuing to use your own assumed name.
With an LLC, you not only have the rights to exclusive use of a business name, but you will also have either the phrase “limited liability company” or the letters “LLC” in that business name. This provides your business with a jolt of respectability because customers respect the professionalism displayed by an LLC. Also, they typically feel more comfortable writing checks to a business entity rather than to an individual.
How to Start an LLC for a Delivery Service
The formation process for LLCs varies depending on which state you’re forming one in, but in general, the process has some universal steps that need to be taken no matter what state your business is located in. If you want a comprehensive overview of all the steps required to form an LLC, check out our complete guide on the topic. The basic steps in the LLC formation process in any state are as follows:
The 3 Best LLC Websites
When forming an LLC for your business, you generally have three main options. You can form your own LLC using the DIY method, you can hire an attorney, or you can hire an online business formation service.
The DIY route can require quite a bit of effort, and if you’re not comfortable with the process, it can cause some undue stress. As for hiring a lawyer, many startups can’t afford to spend the thousands of dollars it can cost for an attorney to form your business entity.
This leads us to the third option, hiring an online LLC service. There are dozens of reputable companies offering this service these days, and they can all save you a tremendous amount of money compared to an attorney. In addition, while these companies may not have as much expertise as an attorney does, they still provide a considerable amount of peace of mind compared to the DIY route.
If you want to take a look at the top options for online business formation services, head on over to our guide to the seven best LLC services available. In addition, we’ll briefly break down our top three options on this page. These are, in our opinion, the best options for business formation service:
🥇 ZenBusiness – Best Overall Value
ZenBusiness truly has it all. They provide complete LLC formation service along with a full year of registered agent service for one incredibly low rate, and they also have stellar customer feedback. It’s the best LLC service online.
IncFile – Cheapest LLC Service
IncFile has a business formation package that is free of charge, as long as you pay your own state fee. That’s obviously an enticing offer, especially when you consider that they also provide a year of registered agent. Throw in their strong customer feedback, and IncFile is an excellent choice for LLC formations.
Northwest – Premium Support
Northwest is a bit more expensive, but their industry-best registered agent service includes local scanning of every document they receive on your behalf. They also have the best customer support for LLC services. If you’re looking for a premium service, Northwest is excellent.
Additional Resources for Starting a Delivery Service
- GoShare: GoShare can connect companies in need of delivery assistance with fully vetted delivery professionals in their area. This is obviously a great service for delivery businesses to pick up extra work, and GoShare also has a variety of other resources for delivery services, like their online driver community and referral bonus structure.
- OnFleet: OnFleet is a more valuable resource for larger-scale delivery services than it is for one-person operations, but they still have interesting information regardless of the size of your company. Their fleet management software can help you streamline your delivery operation with their “end-to-end route planning, dispatch, communication, and analytics platform.”
- GigSmart: On the other hand, we have GigSmart, a service that’s likely more relevant for small delivery services than big ones. GigSmart establishes relationships between companies that need one-off delivery services with the local drivers who can fill that need. If you’re a “gig economy” delivery service owner, GigSmart can help you fill in the gaps between jobs.
- Amazon Logistics: Amazon is always looking for new delivery services to help them deliver their millions of packages to the right doorsteps. In fact, many delivery businesses thrive solely on delivering Amazon packages. If you want to deliver for Amazon full-time, or if you’d like to supplement your other deliveries with Amazon packages, the Amazon Logistics page has all the info you need to get started.
- Profits On Wheels: Profits On Wheels aims to help their readers get brand-new delivery businesses off the ground as quickly as possible. They have several extremely helpful articles, like “Learn How to Start a Profitable Courier Service With Just a Few Hundred Dollars” and “How to Start a Courier Business in Just a Month.”