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How to File Michigan LLC Articles of Organization

Michigan LLC Articles of OrganizationA lot goes into the conception and planning of a new business. It is the Articles of Organization that makes the LLC official. Being prepared before sitting down to complete the application will help you finish it efficiently.

First, have all of the required information handy. You will be asked for the following information:

  • The name and address of the Michigan LLC
  • The name and address of the resident agent
  • The purpose of the LLC
  • The duration of the LLC, if not perpetual
  • The name(s) and signature(s) of the organizer(s)

Second, the cost of filing the Articles of Organization is $50, so have a credit card or check ready to go.

Finally, standard processing time is three to five business days. If you’re in a hurry, consider one of the following expediting options:

24 hours – $50

Same Day – $100

Two hours – $500

One hour – $1,000

Filing Options

When filing the Articles of Organization, use one of the three methods below.

Online

Use the online form through the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.

Mail

To access a hard copy of the Articles of Organization application, click here. If requesting expedited service through the mail, an expedited service form must be included. Send to the following location:

Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

Corporations, Securities & Commercial Licensing Bureau

Corporations Division

P.O. Box 30054

Lansing, MI 48909

In Person

To access a hard copy of the Business Name Reservation Application, click here. If requesting expedited service through the mail, an expedited service form must be included. Deliver to the following location:

2501 Woodlake Circle

Okemos, MI

 

Want Help Filing Your Articles of Organization?

If you decide to use your time building your business rather than completing paperwork, but don’t want to spend the money on an attorney, an LLC formation service is a great compromise.

Lots of online incorporation services are out there but do vary in perks offered, processing times (theirs, not the state’s), and price.

In general, a service will collect and review your information, prepare the documents, and send them to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. They will contact you when the Articles of Organization have been filed.

One additional benefit offered by some services is a free year of resident agent service. Others offer order tracking or notifications of future legal requirements needed with the state.

After reviewing all the top LLC services available, we found IncFile and Northwest Registered Agent the best overall options. While neither of them have as high brand power as the industry giant, LegalZoom, both services have great customer support, prices and offer a free resident agent.

 

(Post Formation Checklist) After LLC Formation

After you have filed the formation documents with the state, it’s important not to overlook a few critical details.

Taxes

On the federal level, most LLCs do not pay taxes directly to the government. Instead, they report income and losses on the owner’s personal 1040 tax returns. Schedule C is often used for reporting. Unless the LLC chooses to be taxed as a corporation, a single-member LLC is taxed as a Sole Proprietorship and a multi-member LLC is taxed as a Partnership.

Similarly, most LLCs will pay state tax on pass-through income via their personal income tax returns. The exception is if an election is made to tax the LLC as a corporation.

Unlike some states, Michigan does not require LLCs to pay a franchise or privilege tax.

If your LLC has employees, you will need to pay a withholding and unemployment tax. Businesses that sell merchandise will need to pay a sales and/or use tax. In order to register for any of the above taxes, you will need to register with the Michigan Unemployment Insurance Agency either online or through the mail. It is recommended that the form be submitted at least six weeks prior to opening the business.

Finally, an LLC may need to file and pay a local tax to a city, municipality, or county.

Licensing

Licenses and/or permits may be needed before a business can begin operations.

A professional license is required by a number of occupations, all of which are listed online, on the LARA Regulated/Licensed Professions page. Requirements and fees vary according to the license.

Licenses may also be required on the local level. Check the website of the local municipality where your LLC will be located.

Reporting

After an LLC is formed, an annual report must be filed with the state of Michigan by February 15 each year. If the LLC is formed after September 30, an annual report is not required for that calendar year. The filing fee is $25.

Like other documents necessary to LLC formation, the processing time is three to five days with expedited processing options available.

A form will be sent to the LLC’s resident agent approximately 90 days prior to the deadline. After completing, the form can be mailed to the following address:

Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs

Corporations, Securities & Commercial Licensing Bureau

Corporations Division

P.O. Box 30768

Lansing, MI  48909

It can also be delivered in person to the following address:

2501 Woodlake Circle

Okenos, MI

Another option is to file the report online up to 90 days prior to the deadline.

If annual reports are not filed, the LLC risks losing its good standing status, and its name will be available for use by another business entity.