How to File Louisiana LLC Articles of Organization
A lot goes into the conception and planning of a new business. It is the Articles of Organization that make the LLC official. Being prepared before sitting down to complete the application will help you finish it efficiently.
First, have all of the required information handy. You will be asked for the following information on the application for Articles of Organization:
- Name of the LLC
- Purpose of the LLC
- Duration of the LLC (may be perpetual)
- Additional provisions may be added if necessary
In addition, the initial report must be completed and submitted with the Articles of Organization. You will be asked for the following information:
- Name and address of LLC
- Name, address, and signature of the registered agent
- Name(s) and address(es) of the member(s) or manager(s)
Both the Articles of Organization and the initial report must be notarized.
Second, the cost of filing the Articles of Organization is $100, so have a credit card or check ready to go.
Finally, processing time varies depending on which option you choose. Regular processing time is three to five business days, and online processing takes 24 to 48 hours. Two options for expedited processing are also available. If delivering the document in person, the application can be processed while you wait for a $50 priority expedite fee. The application can also be processed within 24 hours, either by mail or drop off, for a $30 expedite fee.
When filing the Articles of Organization, use one of the four methods below.
In order to complete an online application, you may need to first set up an account on geauxBIZ, the one-stop place to file necessary formation documents.
Some parishes are now required to file documents online. As stated on the website of the Secretary of State: “Effective January 1, 2018, business owners in the following parishes will be required to file all available business documents online through geauxBIZ: Ascension, Bossier, Caddo, Calcasieu, East Baton Rouge, Jefferson, Lafayette, Livingston, Orleans, Ouachita, Rapides, St. Tammany, Tangipahoa and Terrebonne.”
If you live in a county in which online filing is not required, an Articles of Organization application and payment can be sent to the following address:
P.O. Box 94125
Baton Rouge, LA 70804-9125
For a hard copy, click on the link above. Applications can be faxed to (225)932-5314.
For a hard copy, click on the link above. Next, the application and payment can be delivered to:
8585 Archives Avenue
Baton Rouge, LA 70809
Want Help Filing Your Articles of Organization?
If you decide to use your time building your business rather than completing paperwork, but don’t want to spend the money on an attorney, an LLC formation service is a great compromise.
Lots of online incorporation services are out there but do vary in perks offered, processing times (theirs, not the state’s), and price.
In general, a service will collect and review your information, prepare the documents, and send them to the Commercial Division of the Secretary of State. They will contact you when the Articles of Organization have been filed.
One additional benefit offered by some services is a free year of registered agent service. Others offer order tracking or notifications of future legal requirements needed with the state.
After reviewing all the top LLC services available, we found IncFile and Northwest Registered Agent the best overall options. While neither of them have as high brand power as the industry giant, LegalZoom, both services have great customer support, prices and offer a free registered agent.
(Post Formation Checklist) After LLC Formation
After you have filed the formation documents with the state, it’s important not to overlook a few critical details.
On the federal level, most LLCs do not pay taxes directly to the government. Instead, they report income and losses on the owner’s personal 1040 tax returns. Schedule C is often used for reporting. Unless the LLC chooses to be taxed as a corporation, a single-member LLC is taxed as a Sole Proprietorship and a multi-member LLC is taxed as a Partnership.
Similarly, most LLCs will pay state tax on pass-through income via their personal income tax returns. The exception is if an election is made to tax the LLC as a corporation.
Unlike some states, Louisiana does not require LLCs to pay a franchise or privilege tax.
If your LLC has employees, you will need to pay a withholding and unemployment tax. Businesses that sell merchandise will need to pay a sales or use tax.
In order to register your LLC to pay these required taxes, registration with the Department of Revenue is necessary. Visit the Louisiana Taxpayer Access Point (LATap) on the website of the Department of Revenue in order to register your business.
Finally, an LLC may need to file and pay a local tax to a city, municipality, or county.
In some cases, a professional or occupational license is needed before a business can begin operations. In order to determine whether a license is required of your LLC, visit the Louisiana.gov licensing page. Requirements and fees vary according to the license.
Though approval for licenses and permits may come from a variety of different agencies, geauxBIZ is the conduit for all licensing procedures.
Additional licenses or permits may also be required of the local municipality or parish where your LLC is located.
After an LLC is formed, an annual report must be filed each year on or before the anniversary date of the LLC’s filing. Email notices or alerts through your geauxBIZ account will be sent a month before the annual report is due. The cost of filing is $30, and annual reports are required to be filed online.
For help completing an online annual report, watch the following short video: https://static.sos.la.gov/GeauxBiz/Video/Maintain_160214.mp4.