Forming a Florida LLC takes a lot of planning. Between the Certificate of Formation, business licenses, franchise taxes, and more, there’s a lot to consider. And paperwork and startup costs aren’t the only necessary tasks.
You’ll also want to set up your LLC to run smoothly and avoid legal troubles after it’s been registered with the state.
That’s where the LLC operating agreement comes in.
Time-Saving Hack: There are a handful of LLC providers that can form an LLC for you and also offer a customizable operating agreement. ZenBusiness and Northwest are two great examples of this.
What is an LLC Operating Agreement?
An operating agreement gives your business structure and official procedures. It designates ownership, establishes operations, defines member responsibilities, and provides legal protection. Essentially, it lays out everything someone might need to know about your LLC. And it’s an internal document, so there’s no filing or fees involved.
Whether you’re starting a multi-member or single-member LLC, we strongly recommend completing an operating agreement. It’ll benefit and protect you for as long as you’re in business.
Am I Required to Have an Operating Agreement in Florida?
No. The Florida Department of State doesn’t require LLCs to maintain operating agreements. That said, having one can provide great benefits to your business, and we highly recommend it.
Not only will an operating agreement standardize your LLC’s processes and procedures, but it will also ensure that it runs smoothly and has legal protection. By creating one, you’re giving yourself a safety net in case there are internal, external, or legal disputes.
Benefits of Creating an Operating Agreement
You want what’s best for your business. Months or years in the future, you want it to be a profitable and thriving endeavor. Having an operating agreement in place will set up your LLC for sustained success.
It requires some legwork, but it’s well worth it. Just look at some of the benefits:
- Officially designates how the ownership is split up (the percentage each member/manager owns), so there are no disputes.
- Standardizes office and company operations to improve efficiency
- Outlines the procedures for member additions and resignations, registered agent changes, dissolutions, and more, so there is no confusion.
- Avoids Florida’s “default rules,” which define baseline procedures for any LLC without an operating agreement and aren’t necessarily the best for your business.
- Grants you greater respect from Florida courts.
Free Florida LLC Operating Agreement
So you’ve decided to draft an operating agreement, but how do you get started? After all, there isn’t an official form on the Secretary of State’s LLC forms page. So, it might seem, you’ll need to write one from scratch.
So, you’ll need to create your own, but don’t be intimidated! You don’t need to be an attorney or expert writer to draft an effective agreement. Plus, you can find plenty of free templates online to help you with the structure and legal terminology. While most of these templates are good options, a great starting point is one that you can get free through an affordable LLC service like ZenBusiness or Northwest Registered Agent.
Whether you’re using a template or starting from scratch, here’s a quick and easy guide for what to include:
Owner or Member Information: Names and mailing addresses.
Company Information: Your LLC’s name, registered office, and principal office.
Registered Agent Information: The name of your registered agent, their address, and contact information.
LLC Formation: The date you filed or will file your Articles of Organization with the Department of State.
Business Purpose: The type(s) of business your LLC will be doing in Florida.
Term: How long your LLC in Florida will be valid, typically until you file for termination.
Capital Contributions: The amount of money each member has invested in the LLC.
Profits, Losses, and Distributions: How income and debts are allocated among members and methods for distributing funds.
Ownership Percentage: How much of the company each member owns.
Management and Roles: The managerial structure and decision-making processes, naming who is in charge or certain operations.
Compensation: How members/managers are compensated and reimbursed.
Bookkeeping: Accounting procedures and member account policies.
Tax Treatment: Whether your LLC will be taxed as a Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, S-Corporation, or C-Corporation.
Member Additions: The procedure for bringing on new members – how they will be admitted, if they’re entitled to income, any expenses they will owe, their roles, etc.
Member Withdrawal: Procedures for the resignation, expulsion, retirement, or death of an existing member.
Amendment Procedures: How your LLC will approve changes to the operating agreement. Usually, it’s through a majority vote by the members.
Dissolution: What happens when you terminate your LLC. How your members will split up the remaining assets or debts.
You don’t always need to include all of the above. If any don’t apply to your LLC, feel free to leave them out. Still, it’s a good idea to cover as many bases as possible. Even if you’re a single-member LLC, you should consider including as many sections as possible to accommodate future changes. Otherwise, years into the life of your business, you may run into a dispute over something you didn’t include, and you won’t be able to fall back on the operating agreement.
When you’ve finished your draft, go back through to make sure you didn’t miss anything. Then, give a copy to each LLC member so they can approve and sign it. You aren’t required to file the operating agreement with the state, so keep it with your other business files, as you’ll likely need to reference and revise it later.
Making Changes to Your Operating Agreement
For better or worse, your business is going to change. As you begin doing business in Florida and, hopefully, raking in profits, the LLC will grow and evolve. It will develop different needs and more complicated processes. Keep everything running smoothly but updating your operating agreement as changes occur.
First, all LLC managers/members must approve the change. To seek approval, follow the guidelines you already outlined in your operating agreement for ratifying amendments.
Because it isn’t recorded with the state, modifying your agreement is as simple as making changes to the Word document or PDF you keep in your own files.
For example: your registered agent resigns and, following Florida law, you appoint a registered agent service to take their place. Simply pull up your electronic file, enter the new agent information, save it, and print a copy. Make sure you keep a draft of the previous document as well so you can track the changes you’ve made, just in case the state ever has any questions.
Hiring an Attorney
Worried that you might miss a critical detail? Uncomfortable with legal minutiae? If you want to ensure your operating agreement provides for all possible outcomes and disputes, you might consider hiring an attorney to review it or write it entirely.
Some attorneys have a flat rate for drafting an operating agreement; others bill by the hour. Either way, you’ll only need their assistance for a limited period of time. Use a site like Avvo to find the right fit for your business. Avvo’s database lets you sort by location, rate, and more – it even shows Florida lawyers that specialize in LLCs.
Hiring an LLC Formation Service
The LLC formation process, with its forms and fees, might make you want to throw up your hands and surrender. Don’t do that! Instead, consider hiring an online service like ZenBusiness or Northwest Registered Agent.
An online service like we mentioned earlier can quickly take care of all your necessary filings. Plus, they’ll create a customized operating agreement for you!
Given the amount of time you would spend drafting an agreement from scratch, a formation service is worth it. Not only will you receive a meticulously researched and crafted operating agreement, but you’ll also be able to spend more time growing your business, planning your next move, or just relaxing.
Despite the fact that operating agreements are optional, Florida state laws have restrictions on what they can and cannot do.
According to Section 605.0105 of the state’s LLC Act, a company’s operating agreement governs:
- Relations between members and between members and the LLC itself
- The rights and duties of members and/or managers
- The activities and affairs of the LLC, as well as how they’re conducted
- The means of decision-making and amending the agreement
The operating agreement has a lot of power over an LLC, but it isn’t the highest authority – that title belongs to the state. While an operating agreement can dictate business activities, it cannot authorize anything that contradicts state or federal law. It can’t protect the LLC from being sued or punished by the state.
Nor can it release an LLC from registered agent and/or filing requirements. If an LLC fails to maintain a valid registered agent, for example, an operating agreement cannot prevent it from being administratively dissolved. Lastly, it cannot “unreasonably restrict” a member’s rights or duties. For a full list of restrictions, see the Florida LLC Act Section 605.0105.
Stay within the state code’s guidelines, and be sure to make your operating agreement as detailed as possible (so there’s no room for interpretation) and you’ll be good to go!
How to Create an LLC Operating Agreement in all 50 States
We break down the LLC Operating Agreement creation process for all 50 states. View all of our guides below.
- Alabama LLC Operating Agreement
- Alaska LLC Operating Agreement
- Arizona LLC Operating Agreement
- Arkansas LLC Operating Agreement
- California LLC Operating Agreement
- Colorado LLC Operating Agreement
- Connecticut LLC Operating Agreement
- Delaware LLC Operating Agreement
- Georgia LLC Operating Agreement
- Hawaii LLC Operating Agreement
- Idaho LLC Operating Agreement
- Illinois LLC Operating Agreement
- Indiana LLC Operating Agreement
- Iowa LLC Operating Agreement
- Kansas LLC Operating Agreement
- Kentucky LLC Operating Agreement
- Louisiana LLC Operating Agreement
- Maine LLC Operating Agreement
- Maryland LLC Operating Agreement
- Massachusetts LLC Operating Agreement
- Michigan LLC Operating Agreement
- Minnesota LLC Operating Agreement
- Mississippi LLC Operating Agreement
- Missouri LLC Operating Agreement
- Montana LLC Operating Agreement
- Nebraska LLC Operating Agreement
- Nevada LLC Operating Agreement
- New Hampshire LLC Operating Agreement
- New Jersey LLC Operating Agreement
- New Mexico LLC Operating Agreement
- New York LLC Operating Agreement
- North Carolina LLC Operating Agreement
- North Dakota LLC Operating Agreement
- Ohio LLC Operating Agreement
- Oklahoma LLC Operating Agreement
- Oregon LLC Operating Agreement
- Pennsylvania LLC Operating Agreement
- Rhode Island LLC Operating Agreement
- South Carolina LLC Operating Agreement
- South Dakota LLC Operating Agreement
- Tennessee LLC Operating Agreement
- Texas LLC Operating Agreement
- Utah LLC Operating Agreement
- Vermont LLC Operating Agreement
- Virginia LLC Operating Agreement
- Washington LLC Operating Agreement
- Washington D.C. LLC Operating Agreement
- West Virginia LLC Operating Agreement
- Wisconsin LLC Operating Agreement
- Wyoming LLC Operating Agreement